Imam Jaffar Al-Sadiq [as] was born in Medina in the year 83 A.H; died in the year 148 A.H. at the age of 65. He was buried in the cemetery of al-Baqi alongside his father, his grandfather and his great uncle. His mother was Umm Farwa, the daughter of Al-Qasim. Imam Jaffar Al-Sadiq’s Imamate lasted for thirty-four years.
Imam Al-Sadiq [as] instructed many scholars in different fields of the intellectual and transmitted sciences, such as Zorarah, Muhammad ibn Muslim, Mu’min Taq, and Hisham ibn Hakam. Imam Al-Sadiq [as] taught important Sunni scholars such as Sufyan Thawri, Abu Hanifah – the founder of the Hanafi school of law, and others also had the honor of being his students. The number of traditions preserved from the fifth and sixth Imams is more than all the ahadith that have been recorded from the Prophet and the other ten Imams combined.
Imam Jaffar Al-Sadiq [as] would say: “Our knowledge is of what will be (ghabir), of what is past (mazbur), of what is marked in hearts (nakt fi al-qulub), and of what is tapped into ears (naqr fi al-asma). We have the red case (jafr), the white case, and the scroll of Fatima(s.a.) and we have (the document called) al-jami’a in which is everything the people need.”
He was asked to explain these words and he said: “Ghabir is knowledge of what will be; mazbur is knowledge of what was; what is marked in the hearts (nakt fi al-qulub) is inspiration; and what is tapped into the ears (naqr fi al- asma) are words of angels; It will never leave us until the one (destined) among us arises.
Towards the end of Imam Jaffar Al-Sadiq’s life many restrictions were put upon him by the Abbasid Caliph, Mansur. Mansur had ordered for the descendants of the Prophet [pbuh] to be tortured and and killed mercilessly. At his order, some of the descendants were thrown into deep and dark prisons and were continuously tortured until they died, while others were beheaded or buried alive.
Hisham, the Umayyad caliph, had ordered Imam Al-Sadiq [as] to be arrested and brought to Damascus. Later, the Imam(a.s.) was arrested by Saffah, the Abbasid caliph, and brought to Iraq. Finally, Mansur had him arrested again and brought to Samarrah where he had the Imam (a.s.) kept under supervision and thought of killing Imam [as] on many occasions. Eventually the Imam (a.s.) was allowed to return to Medina where he spent the rest of his life in hiding, until he was poisoned and martyred through the intrigue of Mansur.
Sayings by Imam Jaffar Al-Sadiq [as]:
- Daughters are advantages and sons are graces. You will be rewarded for the advantages and asked about the graces.
- If a believer leaves behind a sheet of paper on which some knowledge is written, this very sheet of paper will serve as a wall between him and the Hell and against each letter written on it, Allah will give him a city in a paradise seven times this world.
- Morals are of two forms: one is intent while the other is nature. Imam al-Sadiq (AS) was asked, “Which of them is better than the other?” He answered: The intentional morals are better than the natural, because the owner of natural morals cannot change them, while the owner of the intentional morals is preserving the acts of obedience (to Allah).
- Knowledge is the comrade of the faithful believer, clemency is his supporter, patience is the commander of his army, lenience is his brother, and charity is his father.
Came across this blog today … it is written beautifully.
Take a read
What does science say about anger?
When a human being is angry they make noise and intimidate others around them. Scientists have said that an animal does the exact same thing as a human, by intimidating other animals around them and making loud noises. When a person is angry they lose their intellect. Scientists have highlighted that anger is an emotion that responds to something that may have happened or something that may have been said, therefore that factor affects us so much that we express it in a very aggressive manner.
We interact with many people around us, whether it is at home, at school, at work or even at the shops. Those people we interact with also have their emotions; and if they were angered at something or someone we would hate it if they took their anger out on us… so why do we express our anger to others? Now, there are many therapists, psychologists and scientists that can give us advice; there are many articles on the internet for us to access in order to get advice based on how we can control our anger; however the likelihood is that we will take in the advice, and say “i should do this/ i should do that” – yet the next time we get angry we will forget about the advice we had read/heard previously and we will end up back at square one. Islamically and Scientifically the best thing to do when one is antagonized is to go somewhere where they are alone and not around anyone; this will prevent them from getting angry at someone who has done absolutely nothing wrong and will give us time to reflect. We often hear about drinking water and taking deep breaths when we are angry, and to some extent this is okay, but there is only so much water you will want to drink and there are only so many deep breaths you will be willing to take. When you are alone, you have better self-control which therefore allows you to reflect and prevents you from saying and doing things that you will definitely regret later. When you encounter someone when you are angry, you destruct your mental capacity by getting in a very belligerent dialogue with them, therefore by being alone you do not say or do anything that makes the situation ten times more worse.
There are two types of anger:
1. Short-term anger
2. Long-term anger
Short term anger is simply being enraged for a little amount of time due to something which affected us; and after a short time we move on and forget the entire situation. On the contrary, long-term anger lasts a long time which is in result of a greater matter. For example, when people go to war, they have a level of anger within them that exceeds so much that their energy levels are given a boost which allows them to fight and defend themselves with a lot more passion. Fundamentally, it is all about self-control.
Why do we become angry so easily?
Ultimately, our anger is because of our ego’s. The reason a person gets angry is because something has really affected that persons ego, therefore that person now feels inferior. However, if the person that got angry was humble; he would have a complete different reaction – he would not get angry, he would probably not care and end up smiling. Why? Because it is not affecting him or his ego in any shape or form, henceforth he wont get agitated. If someone insults you, your family, your beliefs or something that is precious to you, it is not necessary for you to get angry, because you are giving that person who insults you motivation to continue, they obviously want a response from you – so why let them win? It is better to say nothing or to smile back at the person. By not giving them a response you are affecting their ego. Why? Because they WANT you to get angry, they are waiting for you to fight back, so why should you satisfy their ego? By smiling at the person who angers you; you are angering them; they will automatically feel silly.
There are many role-models for us to look upon in this situation. When Saint Mary/Lady Maryam was continuously accused of committing adultery, it would have angered her inside that she is continuously being verbally attacked by people even though she is completely innocent – but did she lash out at people and shout and verbally abuse them back? No – because it all goes down to self control; when you know you have done nothing wrong, then there is no reason to be angry. Let people say what they want to say, be patient and simply ignore it. Another example is Prophet Muhammad [may peace and blessing be upon him and his household], a woman that lived locally would always chuck her garbage at him and he would allow it to happen everyday and say nothing; and one day she did not chuck anything at him and he had not seen her anywhere that day, so he went to her house and she asked him “why are you here?” and he responded “well, you did not chuck anything at me today – i wanted to know if you were ill?” and after that day the very same lady that would abuse the Prophet realised what a great man Prophet Muhammad really was. He did not attack her inr return, he was concerned about her well-being. Now if we were attacked on a daily basis by someone in our neighborhood who chucked their garbage at us, we would get very angry, we would retaliate and probably say or do something very regretful.
What should we do when we are angered?
1. Go somewhere quiet where you will be alone
2. Do not over-think, by over-thinking you will want to retaliate
3. Be patient and get over it – its happened, let it go.
4. Smile – There is no harm in smiling, it will only make you feel better.
I haven’t written a blog for over three months, and I contemplated on writing on a topic which primarily focuses on how politically aware we should be, and using relevant sources for our information. We should avoid unreliable sources to continuously inform us, or for articles posted on a social networking site without checking authenticity. It is paramount for us to have some form of understanding about the global situation, which is giving rise to so much blood shed. On daily basis we are witnessing blood-shed of innocent individuals and this is increasing at an alarming rate, and is impacting us.
We need to question ourselves as to how often we pay attention to the news. By watching different news channels, we are able to ascertain how media propaganda blinds audiences. Essentially, we can avoid this propaganda if we switch channels and observe from a neutral position. Certain channels are biased and funded to deliberately misinform audiences and will not always highlight the actuality of a certain situation. Very recently, a British corporation posted up an article on their website with regards to an Israeli soldier, killing an innocent Palestinian boy and 24 hours later, the article was deleted off their website. These very same news channels and corporations are hiding the truth and not permitting us to discover what really is happening globally. By being open mindedness we have the ability to perceive correct information. Remember that there is absolutely no harm in discovering what is happening across the world.
Lets take the situation in Syria as an example. Over two years ago, an uprising took place when a minority of people in Syria wanted certain reforms in their country; President Bashar Al-Assad was barely given enough time to make any changes because foreign intervention from western countries was on the cards, which was completely unnecessary. This then escalated as the FSA was continuously getting funds from western countries and zionist entities. In a space of a few months innocent people were killed, homes were raided, women were raped in front of their families, and children were separated from their families. These atrocities have been ongoing for two years and may have been prevented, had the western countries allowed for the Syrian President to resolve his country’s issues himself.
After two years (2013), Hezbollah came into Syria in order to protect the innocent civilians in Syria, that were being brutally attacked and killed. Some may argue that there is no need for Hezbollah to be involved, however, the same goes for the intervention from Israel, UK and USA. Foreign intervention was not needed and bloodshed would not have escalated in Syria. Heinous crimes are continuing and innocent civilians are being crushed. Hezbollahs presence is there in Syria to defend its borders and and defend the rights of the Syrian people who did not seek war. Hezbollah are not causing destruction – they are preventing destruction. The same Foreign alliance namely, US, Israel, Saudi Arabia and European countries, who are continuously funding the FSA are portraying Hezbollah as the enemy. I want to reiterate the point that, one does not have to be Pro-Bashar to be Anti-FSA, but in all honesty, it is preeminent for us to be politically aware as to what really is taking place across the globe. The issue in Syria does affect us, as our tax money is being used to fund the cannibalistic FSA terrorists. Thousands of pounds are being used on sending arms to these terrorists who are massacring innocent people.
For how long are we just going to sit here helpless and see innocent lives being destroyed. Are we just going to let it happen and not say or do anything? It is imperative for us to take action in the name of humanity. We need to raise awareness and stand up against injustice. Some of us find it hard to say anything, thinking we may be wrong, or perhaps we do not want to be corrected. However, it is paramount for us all to come out of our shells and speak out against tyranny, regardless of what people think, simply because this will affect us in the future. We can easily contact our local MP’s and speak to them, we can even write to them – but ultimately we need to exemplify our concerns to them.